ABOUT N TRUST
Licensed by the Malta Financial Services Authority and authorised to act as a fiduciary, trustee or co-trustee in terms of Article 43(3) of the Trusts and Trustees Act, N Trust Limited is able to boast an experienced in-house team of dedicated lawyers, accountants and other professionals in order to provide the discretion and expertise required by our clients.
WE CAN HELP WITH:
- Incorporation of companies
- Fiduciary cover
- Registered Address services
- Management and administrative services
- Procurement of Director services
- Procurement of Company Secretarial Service
- Procurement of annual audited accounts
- Preparation and submission of VAT, Recap and Income Tax returns
- Applications for tax refunds
- Other ad hoc services
N Trust Limited operates from the offices which house the law firm Naudi Mizzi & Associates. Its core business is the incorporation and administration of corporate structures and the provision of fiduciary services to resident and non-resident persons.
Corporate structures play a very important role in international tax and estate planning. Our close association with Naudi Mizzi & Associates ensures that a wealth of knowledge and experience is readily available, which allows us to meet the individual needs of our clients, and in doing so, establish a long term relationship based on trust, discretion and efficient service.
WHY CHOOSE MALTA?
Malta is a small island nation consisting of an archipelago of three islands in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea. It lies directly south of Sicily, east of Tunisia and north of Libya. The country’s official languages are Maltese and English, and Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion.
Malta has been a member state of the European Union since May 1, 2004 and is currently the smallest EU country in both population (approximately 490,000) and area (approximately 316 square kilometres).
Being in an ideal geographical position in the centre of the Mediterranean Sea, Malta has a typical Mediterranean temperate climate, with mild winters and warm dry summers. Effectively there are only two seasons, which makes the Maltese Islands attractive for visitors especially during the drier months.
EU Membership means that any company registered in Malta may trade under the harmonious passporting system, which means that any licence or authorization issued by a Maltese authority is automatically recognized in the other EU member states.
Malta has a very stable political climate. The system is a parliamentary one and public administration is closely modelled on the Westminster system. The unicameral House of Representatives is elected by direct universal suffrage through the single transferable vote every five years. The economy is also a relatively stable one. The average annual inflation rate is 1.64% (as of December 2019), the GDP Annual Nominal Growth Rate is 6.9% (as of the fourth quarter of 2019), the Real Growth Rate is 4.4% (as of 2019) and the GDP per capita is approximately € 27,981 (at current market prices as of 2018).
The Maltese Government entered ERM II in May 2005, and adopted the Euro as the country’s currency on 1st January 2008. Malta is also a member of the Schengen Treaty. The legal system is based on Common Law and Roman Civil Law, although commercial law is heavily based on English Common Law. Malta has also a very advantageous and tax-efficient system.
Malta has adopted the EU’s Parent-Subsidiary Directive and the Interest and Royalties Directive, rendering Maltese companies excellent vehicles for conducting international business and provides a very healthy tax environment for shareholders of such companies.
If you have queries related to Maltese taxation, contact us here.
A Maltese company is subject to a rate of tax equivalent to 35% on all its worldwide income. Nonetheless, due to the full imputation system of taxation adopted by Malta, upon a distribution of profits from the company to its shareholders, the shareholders are entitled to claim tax refunds of the tax paid by the company. The amount or the refund varies according to the source of the profits from which the distributions are made.
Article 48 (4A) of the Income Tax Management Act prescribes that a person, in receipt of a dividend paid to him or her by a company registered in Malta from profits allocated to its Maltese taxed account or its foreign income account, may claim a refund of six-sevenths of the Advance Company Income Tax paid by the distributing company pertaining to those profits distributed to him by way of such dividend.
Where the dividend to a person by a company registered in Malta is paid out of profits consisting of passive interest or royalties, the rate of refund applicable shall be of five-sevenths (5/7) of the Advance Company Income Tax (ACIT).
This same rate of refund applies further to dividends received from a participating holding in a body of persons which does not satisfy the conditions referred to in the proviso to Article 12(1)(u) of the Income Tax Act.
Dividends paid out of profits allocated to the foreign income account and in respect of which profits the company has claimed relief of double taxation are not subject to this refund.
Where a person in receipt of a dividend paid to him or her from profits allocated to the foreign income account or profits distributed by an international trading company is either:
- not resident in Malta and who is, where applicable, not owned and controlled by, directly or indirectly, nor acts on behalf of, a person who is ordinarily resident and domiciled in Malta; or
- a company resident in Malta which is wholly owned by a person or persons not resident in Malta, provided that such person or persons are not owned and controlled by, directly or indirectly, or act on behalf of a person or persons ordinarily resident and domiciled in Malta,
such person may claim a refund of two-thirds (2/3) of the Malta tax paid by the company in respect of those profits distributed to him by way of such dividend.
Holding companies that derive dividend income or capital gains from a participating holding are entitled to claim a full refund of tax paid by the company when distributions are made to its shareholders. The effective tax rate paid in Malta in similar cases would be 0%. A Maltese company is considered to have a “participating holding” if it holds equity shares in a non-resident company or a qualifying body of persons and it meets the conditions established in Maltese law.
Dividends and capital gains derived from a participating holding or from the transfer of part or all of such participating holding are subject to Malta’s participation exemption.
A participating holding is qualified as such where a company resident in Malta holds equity shares in another entity, and such company fulfills the following conditions:
- The company holds directly at least 5% of the equity shares in a company, which holding entitles the holder to at least 5% to any two of the following rights: (a) right to vote; (b) profits available for distribution (c) assets available for distribution on winding up; OR
- The company is an equity shareholder and is entitled to acquire the entire balance of the equity shares not held by that equity shareholder company to the extent permitted by the law of the country in which the equity shares are held; OR
- The company is an equity shareholder in a company and the equity shareholder company is entitled to first refusal in the event of the proposed disposal, redemption or cancellation of all of the equity shares of that company not held by that equity shareholder company; OR
- The company is an equity shareholder in a company and is entitled to either sit on the Board or appoint a person to sit on the Board of that company as a director; OR
- The company is an equity shareholder holding an minimum investment of €1,164,000 or equivalent sum in a foreign currency and such investment is held for an uninterrupted period of at least 183 days; OR
- The company holds the shares or units for the furtherance of its own business and the holding is not held as trading stock for the purpose of a trade.
With respect to dividends, the exemption is applicable if he body of persons in which the participating holding is held satisfies any one of the following conditions:
- It is resident or incorporated in a country or territory which forms part of the European Union (EU);
- It is subject to any foreign tax of at least fifteen per cent (15%);
- It does not have more than fifty per cent (50%) of its income derived from passive interest or royalties.
Where none of the three conditions above are satisfied, the participation exemption may still apply where both of the following two conditions are satisfied:
- The equity holding by the company registered in Malta in the body of persons not resident in Malta is not a portfolio investment (for this purpose, the holding of shares by a company resident in Malta in a body of persons not resident in Malta which derives more than fifty per cent (50%) of its income from portfolio investments shall be deemed to be a portfolio investment); and
- the body of persons not resident in Malta or its passive interest or royalties have been subject to any foreign tax at a rate not less than five per cent (5%).
The principles of Malta’s participation exemption have also been extended to apply to permanent establishments (including branches) concerning:
- income derived from permanent establishments of a Maltese company where such permanent establishment is set up outside of Malta; and
- Any gains derived from the transfer of such permanent establishment.
- No Withholding taxes
- No thin-cap rules or debt-to-equity ratios
- No stamp duty on share transfers in companies whose activities take place outside of Malta
- No capital duty and wealth taxes
- Non-resident persons are exempted from paying capital gains tax on certain share transfers
- An extensive treaty network with over seventy treaties in force.